Linux Debian vs. Ubuntu – Which One is Better?

Elizabeth Harper

Ubuntu is basically the standard Linux for personal desktops. However, experienced users also often recommend Debian. Although they are related, there are significant differences between the two. Let’s find out why the choice is not so difficult.

What Is Debian?

Debian is one of the oldest and most respected distros in the Linux community. It was created in 1993 by Ian Murdock and is still maintained by a large team of volunteers. Debian is known for its stability, reliability, and adherence to free software principles. Debian only includes software that is open source and respects the user’s freedom and privacy. Debian also supports a wide range of hardware architectures and devices.

What Is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a newer and more user-friendly distro that is based on Debian. It was created in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth and is backed by a company called Canonical. Ubuntu is known for its ease of use, accessibility, and innovation. Ubuntu includes some proprietary software and drivers that make it compatible with more hardware and applications. Ubuntu also has a distinctive look and feel with its GNOME desktop environment.

How Do They Compare?

Debian and Ubuntu have many similarities and differences that make them suitable for different types of users and purposes. Here are some of the main aspects to consider when choosing between them that we have summarized for you:

HistoryOlder, conservative, stableNewer, progressive, cutting-edge
PhilosophyFree software, user freedomEase of use, functionality
InstallationComplex, flexibleSimple, straightforward
SoftwareLarge, diverseSmall, curated
PerformanceLow requirements, fastHigh requirements, slow
SupportLess official, more communityMore official, less community

How to Choose?

The choice between Debian and Ubuntu depends on your personal preferences, needs, and goals. There is no definitive answer to which one is better or worse. However, here are some general tips to help you decide:

  • Choose Debian if you:
    • Are an experienced or professional user who values stability and freedom over convenience and compatibility.
    • Want to have more options and flexibility in your installation process.
    • Want to have access to a wider range of software packages and updates.
    • Want to have lower system requirements and faster performance on your device.
    • Want to have less official support but more community support for your issues or questions.
  • Choose Ubuntu if you:
    • Are an average or beginner user who values ease of use and functionality over control and customization.
    • Want to have a smoother and easier installation process.
    • Want to have access to a more selective and tested software packages and updates.
    • Want to have higher system requirements and slower performance on your device.
    • Want to have more official support but less community support for your issues or questions.


Debian and Ubuntu are both variants of Linux that offer different features, designs, and purposes. They are both based on the same foundation of the Linux kernel and the GNU tools but have different philosophies and approaches. They both have their advantages and disadvantages depending on how they are used and what the outcome is.

%d bloggers like this: